Master Operator: Get your services running stably by Supervisor
Supervisor, a powerful task management software. As its name indicated, it is a supervisor which run as a daemon and monitor the status of other programs. If a program under its monitor is down, Supervisor will try to bring it back immediately.
It is developed to be a very flexible and powerful software, and it was divided into two parts: Client and Server. You can choose from multiple controlling methods, such as Unix socket, HTTP, and Supervisorctl(as its client).
Programmed in Python, Supervisor has been indexed by Pip. You can simply use pip to install it.
pip install supervisor
For Ubuntu Operating System, you can also run
apt-get install supervisor
After installation, time to configure.
First, we will need it omit its default config file. (Well, in fact, if you are using apt-get to install Supervisor, you can skip.)
echo_supervisord_conf > /etc/supervisord.conf
And let’s edit it to enable it monitoring programs for us.
In the config file, we can see multiple settings such as Unix socket files, log settings. And at the bottom, the [include] section.
;[include] ;files = relative/directory/*.ini
Remove the semicolon, and edit the directory as you wish. To fit the Linux style, you can also change the *.ini to *.conf 😀
files = /etc/supervisor/*.conf
And then create your config for the first program.
[program:usercenter] directory = /home/gaukas/sample ;The directory of the program command = python ./server.py ;Start command of the program autostart = true ;Auto start when supervisord start startsecs = 5 ;If not exit in $startsecs seconds, regard it is a successful start autorestart = true ;Auto restart if program unexpectedly exit startretries = 3 ;Auto restart for $startretries times user = gaukas ;use which user to start the program? redirect_stderr = true ;output error message to stdout stdout_logfile_maxbytes = 20MB ;stdout log file maximum size. stdout_logfile_backups = 20 ;stdout backups stdout_logfile = /data/logs/stdout.log ;stdout file path (file will be created automatically, but the directory won't)
Add to system start-up (systemd)
If you are using apt-get to install supervisor, you don’t need to do anything.
[Unit] Description=Supervisor daemon [Service] Type=forking ExecStart=/usr/bin/supervisord -c /etc/supervisord.conf ExecStop=/usr/bin/supervisorctl $OPTIONS shutdown ExecReload=/usr/bin/supervisorctl $OPTIONS reload KillMode=process Restart=on-failure RestartSec=42s [Install] WantedBy=multi-user.target
Enable autostart by using the following command:
systemctl enable supervisord.service
Start the process of supervisor:
systemctl start supervisord.service
After making changes to config files, reload supervisor:
systemctl reload supervisord.service